The Villa Romana de la Estación (Roman villa of the Station) is located on the northwest of the present built-up area of Antequera. Although the site has been known since the late of last century, it was not until 1998, due to the construction works of North bypass road, when the archeological importance of this villa become evident in such a way that the road route had to be branched off in order to keep this magnificent Roman site.
The spaces of this villa are organized around a large courtyard surrounded by columns: a peristyle paved with tesserae (around 430 m2). The column corridor surrounded a square pond of more than 15 meters long on each side. In the pond, it has been found the remains of four big mosaic works 4,2 meters in diameter each which form a kind of islets. In order to decorate this space, it was used a variety of extraordinary marble sculptures which keeps on increasing as the archeological works on the site continue. The main sculptures made of marbles that have been identified up to now, and which are exhibited in the Museum of the Town, are the following:
- Representation of Pan.
- Bust of Nero Germanicus.
- Head of a small satyr.
- Deity’s head, perhaps Venus.
- Fragment of a satyr sculpture.
- Actor with a mask.
- Clips depicting a figure with beard (philosopher or Dominus).
- Melpomene mask.
- Sculpture of an asleep Eros.
- Sculpture of Eros riding an aquatic animal.
Also an exceptional piece (the only one kept in the whole Iberian Peninsula) is the fragment of a wall revetment sectile (made of local and imported pieces of marble) depicting an aquatic bird and which was part of a decorative skirting board of one of the rooms. The group of sculptures, as a whole, gives us a closer idea of the scheme of thought used to build the villa, as well as about the ideological and economic development of the different owners since the second half of the 1st century A.C until the early 5th century of our time, with an important redesign in the late of the 3rd century or early of the 4th. The villa shows an unquestionable taste for the pleasures of life which, undoubtedly, comes from their admiration for the Hellenism as a culture and as a philosophy of life.