The Rock of love
Legend has it that Ibrahim, the governor of the castle Archidona, had a daughter of rare beauty, called Tagzona, which promised in marriage to the old chief of the fortress of Alhama. Tagzona was in love with Hamet, (known as Tello in other versions of this legend), a young descendant of a family of Abencerrages from Antequera. Young lovers, unable to live their romance decide to flee seeking Christian territory. Lovers, looking pursued by the soldiers of Ibrahim, cross the Guadalhorce and take refuge in the Rock. To his imminent capture they decide to jump into the abyss sealing their love. Since then the place takes its name from the Rock of love.
“Chop rock were thrown in the air and the souls left”.
(Versions Miguel Lafuente Alcantara and Agustin de Tejada)
If something stands Antequera is by its size and historical heritage, aspects that are preserved from prehistoric times, through dolmens, proposed for inscription on the World Heritage List 2015; from ancient times through the numerous ruins and Roman villas; from the Middle Ages through the Muslim Alcazaba; from the Modern Age, the Renaissance Royal Collegiate Church of Santa Maria or the other temples in the Baroque acquired its best, as the Church of Carmen, or from the Contemporary Age itself, with numerous palatial homes or public buildings, case Torcal Theatre, one of the highest representations of Art Deco in our region.
But without a doubt, if anything stands Antequera all this is for their churches, which amount to 33 in number, thus proving to be the city with the most churches per capita in Spain. The privileged location of Antequera, link between Granada and Seville, between Cordoba and Malaga, made him constituted as a prolific place as far as representation of religious orders concerns, with the most direct consequence the construction of Christian churches that, beyond his religious vocation, are parallel true works of art, which have formed a heritage of incalculable worth.
With 8,900 inhabitants, located in the Sierra Norte of the province of Malaga, Archidona is a strategic place to found a town, chosen by ancient civilizations, sheltered by the mountains of Gracia, the Sorcery and Rooks, and for being in the natural passage linking the cities of Granada and Seville.
Since prehistoric times, Archidona has many vestiges, but it was the Phoenicians in 1500 B.C. which began construction of the vast walls that were later perfected by Carthaginians, Romans and Arabs.
After the reconquest begins to form the Christian city as we know it today. In 1901 the town of Archidona gets the title of “City”, thanks to its splendid cultural heritage, is declared “Historic-Artistic” in 1980.
The religious orders that are installed in Archidona from the sixteenth century, play an important role in both the spiritual and cultural order. Such is the Convent of Santo Domingo, founded by the Dominican monks, current School of Hospitality and 4 star hotel, the Minimum monks of the Church of Victoria and Minimum nuns of San Francisco de Paula, who joined from 1757 Parents Escolapios after the founding of the College.
Recognized as 1st Wonder of the province of Malaga show our visitors one of the most outstanding works of Andalusian Baroque, Plaza Ochavada, an architectural ensemble of unique beauty that is unique setting for events held in Archidona.